One of the more famous engines, the General was stolen
by Yankee raiders on April 12, 1862, during the Civil War.
Referred to as the "Andrews Raid", the story was the basis
for several films, including "The Great Locomotive Chase"
starring Bess Parker, "The General" starring
Buster Keaton, and "The Stolen Train".
The General has been preserved and is on display in
the Southern Museum of
Civil War and Locomotive History in Kennesaw, GA.
A Brief History
At a cost of $8,850, the General was built for the
Western & Atlantic Railroad by Rogers, Ketchum & Grosvenor
(later known as the Rogers Locomotive & Machine Works), and
was first placed in freight service in 1856.
By 1890, although the General had
been retired from service, it was included in the transfer of property
in the lease between the State of Georgia and the Nashville, Chattanooga
& St. Louis Railway. At that point, it was listed as "condemned,
In 1892, E. Warren Clark located
the General on a siding at Vinings, GA, and convinced John W. Thomas
(NC&StL President), to rehabilitate the General and display
her at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
September 1892: displayed at reunion
of the verterans of the Army of the Cumberland, in Chattanooga TN.
Spring, 1893: one of 62 locomotives
displayed at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL.
1895: Cotton States and International
Exposition in Atlanta, GA.
1897: Tennessee Centennial Exposition,
Centennial Park, Nashville, TN
1901: Arrived in Chattanooga,
TN for permanent display in Union Depot.
1927: Traveled by flat car
for display at "The Fair of the Iron Horse", a Centenarary
Exposition of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, held at Halethorpe,
Maryland. Then returned to Chattanooga.
1933: Traveled by flat car
to attend the "Century of Progress Exposition", in Chicago,
1939: Traveled by flat car
to New York World's Fair. Returned to Chattanoog in fall of
1948: Traveled by flat car
to Chicago's Railroad Fair.
1957: NC&StL taken over
by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad.
1959: Georgia begins arguments
for return of the General.
1961: L&N transports the
General to Louisville KY for restoration.
1962: April 10: The General
arrives in Atlanta (aboard a specially constructed flat car)
- April 14 - reenactment of The Great Locomotive Chase on it's
- April 15-22: Chattanooga, TN
- April 26-29: Washington DC. Ceremonies honoring
the Centennial of the Medal of Honor.
- May 2-5: Columbus, Ohio
- May 8-15: Memphis, TN
- May 19-20: Fort Knox, KY
- May 22-27: Evansville, IN
- May 28-June 2: The General ran under her own steam from Evansville,
IN to Chicago, stopping at intermediate points along the way.
- The General remained on tour until December 22, 1962, when she
was returned to Chattanooga for the holidays. She visited
120 cities in 12 states during 1962, and 640,000 visitors passed
through Combine Car No. 665.
1963: The General began her tour
with a return to Big Shanty (Kennesaw) on April 12, then northward
to Chattnooga and points in Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio; returning
to Chattanooga for the winter.
1964: April 26-May 2: Louisville,
KY during Derby Week
- Then on to New York, arriving June 1 at the World's Fair.
- Returned to Chattanooga for 150th Birthday Celeberation Sept.
1966: Last run of the General
under her own steam: Sept. 17-21 at the 32nd Southern Governor's
Conference near Paducah, KY.
1967: During negotiation to renew
the lease between the L&N RR and the State of Georgia, the State
formally asked for the General to be returned to Georgia displayed
at Kennesaw and the L&N agreed.
- Sept: The General was enroute to Kennesaw from Louisville
via Nashville and Chattanooga. At 1:30 AM on Sept. 12, a
party headed by Mayor Ralph Kelly decided that The General belonged
in Chattanooga, and stopped the train from leaving Union Depot.
The General remained in Chattanooga until December 16, when it
was returned to the South Louisville Shops of the L&N for
1969: Judge Frank W. Wilson, US District
Judge at Chattanooga, ruled that the L&N RR did own the General
and could dispose of it as they wished. The City of Chattanooga
appealed this ruling.
1970: May 21: US Court
of Appeals upheld Judge Wilson's ruling. Again, the city appealed.
- Sept: Supreme Court refused to hear the case and upheld Judge
1971: Nov 17-18: the
General was moved from South Louisville Shops to the Louisville
1972: Feb 15: The General is secretly
moved from Louisville to Atlanta, and routed through DeCoursey,
Knoxville and Cartersville to avoid traveling through Chattanooga.
- Feb 18: Presentation of the General to the people of Georgia
in Atlanta. Following the ceremony, the General, still aboard
its special flat car, was moved in local freight service to Kennesaw
around 6:00 pm.
- Feb 19: Saturday work began at 9 am on the movement of
the General from the house track to the Big Shanty Museum, some
150 yards away. By 5 pm, crews began to cut the rails and
clos the north wall of the building.